TAMARIND

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COMMON NAME Tamarind
BOTANICAL NAME Tamarindus indica
HEIGHT 40′ to 60′
WIDTH 40′
MONOECIOUS
EVERGREEN
LIFESPAN 200 years
PERENNIAL
COLD TOLERANCE 25° F
SOIL TYPE Well drained clay, loamy, sandy, and acidic soil
WATER REQUIREMENTS Water after planting in ground, and water every day for 2 weeks. Week 3 and week 4, water deeply twice a week. From week 5 forward water deeply at least once a week until it has been 3 months. From then on, make sure your tree is receiving a deep watering at least once or twice per month. Shouldn’t need to be watered thereafter, however it has best results with regular irrigation. Supplement with water during droughts and the hot, dry months to keep your plant lush and thriving. Reduce watering in the Winter when growth slows.
DROUGHT TOLERANCE High
SALT TOLERANCE Salt aerosol: High
LIGHT REQUIREMENTS Full sun
FERTILIZING Sparingly use a general purpose 10-10-10 once every 2 months from Spring to Summer for faster growth. Alternatively, use a slow-release fertilizer 3 times a year. Halt fertilizing from the Fall to Winter, then begin again in the Spring. Do not allow fertilizer to clump, be sure to disperse evenly. Clumped fertilizer can potentially burn roots, potentially harming or killing a plant. Avoid getting fertilizer on the leaves, flowers, and stems. Do not over-fertilize, as this will result in more foliage and less flowers and less fruit.
FLOWER Small raceme of 1″, five-petaled, yellow and red flowers with orange to red veining in petals.
MONTH OF COLOR Spring for flowers. All year for foliage.
FRUIT 4.5″ to 6″ legume. Hard, brown shell exterior in inedible, and the interior is a very sticky, sweet, and tangy edible pulp. Seeds are flat, glossy, brown, and inedible. High in vitamin B and calcium.
ALLERGENS, TOXICITY AND ANIMALS Can be used as a substitute for chocolate for dogs. Be sure to remove the shell and inner seeds before giving to any canine, and only give in small amounts as a treat.
COMMENTS Slow growing shade tree, gaining 1′ to 3′ per year. Produces a fruit that is used in cuisines around the world. Did you know tamarind fruit is one of the main ingredients in Worcestershire sauce? Fruit litter can be messy on sidewalks and driveways. Likely indigenous to tropical Africa, though this tree has been cultivated for such a long time in India that it is also reported to be indigenous there.
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