AVOCADO – MEXICOLA GRANDE

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COMMON NAME Mexicola Grande Avocado
BOTANICAL NAME Persea americana ‘Mexicola Grande’
HEIGHT 40′ +
WIDTH 30′
MONOECIOUS
EVERGREEN
LIFESPAN 100+ years
PERENNIAL
COLD TOLERANCE 23° F
SOIL TYPE Well drained
WATER REQUIREMENTS Water after planting in ground, and water every other day for 2 weeks. Week 3 and week 4, water deeply twice a week. From week 5 forward water deeply once or twice a week until it has been 3 months. Best results with watering twice a week, allow soil to dry completely between each watering. Do not overwater, as this can lead to root rot which the tree is susceptible to. Supplement with water during droughts and the hot, dry months to keep your plant lush and thriving. Reduce watering in the Winter when growth slows.
DROUGHT TOLERANCE Medium
SALT TOLERANCE Very low
LIGHT REQUIREMENTS Full sun, tolerates some shade
FERTILIZING Use either a citrus tree fertilizer or a general purpose, 10-10-10 three times annually: Once in Spring, again in the Summer, and then in the Fall. Alternatively, use a slow-release fertilizer 3 times a year. Halt fertilizing during Winter, then begin again in the Spring. Do not allow fertilizer to clump, be sure to disperse evenly. Clumped fertilizer can potentially burn roots, potentially harming or killing a plant. Avoid getting fertilizer on the leaves and trunk. Do not over-fertilize, as this will result in more foliage and less flowers and less fruit.
FLOWER Clusters of small, yellow to greenish-yellow flowers, growing in panicles. Avocados have two flowering types. Flowers are either type A or type B. This has type A flowers that open as female in the morning, close around noon, and stay closed until the next day when they open in a male phase.
MONTH OF COLOR Blooms prolifically from early Spring to late Summer.
FRUIT Ready by August to October. Green unripe; Black when ripe. Large sized fruit and seed. Pear-shaped with very thin skin. Yellow-green interior has a smooth, rich, nutty flavor like a Hass. Harvest fruit when they reach their full, mature size. Once ripe, refrigerate avocados to slow down ripening and preserve for about 3 days.
ALLERGENS, TOXICITY AND ANIMALS Toxic to horses. Dogs can eat small amount of Avocado fruit.
COMMENTS Mexicola Grande Avocados are vigorous with growth and production, providing a smooth textured and rich, nutty flavored fruit. This is one of the most cold hardy varieties, and is also one of the few heat tolerant varieties. This Mexican Avocado is capable of resisting some diseases. Most Avocado trees have toxic leaves, however the Mexicola Grande has edible leaves with a strong anise scent. Mexicola leaves are often used in Mexican recipes to impart a unique flavor, and are used by some to make a tea that supposedly benefits the digestive system, eases an upset stomach, and cleanses the kidneys and liver. This variety is a cultivator of Mexicola avocado, and was selected for its bigger fruit size. Bees absolutely love the blooms. Avocado fruit won’t ripen until they are either harvested or naturally fall off the tree. Acting as nature’s pantry, the tree will hold on to it’s many fruits to be harvested as-needed for 12 months to 14 months. The fruit is high in omega 3 fatty acids, the good fats. Avocado is also a good source of vitamins and nutrients. Avocados are the least salt tolerant crop plant. Plant 25′ to 30′ away from buildings. Propagated in Pasadena in 1910.
PRICE 15 gallon $130, 7 gallon $70, 3 gallon $35