AVOCADO – BROGDON

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COMMON NAME Brogdon Avocado
BOTANICAL NAME Persea americana ‘Brogdon’
HEIGHT 20′ to 25′
WIDTH 10′ to 15′
MONOECIOUS
EVERGREEN
LIFESPAN 100+ years
PERENNIAL
COLD TOLERANCE 23° F
SOIL TYPE Well drained
WATER REQUIREMENTS Water after planting in ground, and water every other day for 2 weeks. Week 3 and week 4, water deeply twice a week. From week 5 forward water deeply once or twice a week until it has been 3 months. Best results with watering twice a week, allow soil to dry completely between each watering. Do not overwater, as this can lead to root rot which the tree is susceptible to. Supplement with water during droughts and the hot, dry months to keep your plant lush and thriving. Reduce watering in the Winter when growth slows.
DROUGHT TOLERANCE Medium
SALT TOLERANCE Very low
LIGHT REQUIREMENTS Full sun, tolerates some shade
FERTILIZING Use either a citrus tree fertilizer or a general purpose, 10-10-10 three times annually: Once in Spring, again in the Summer, and then in the Fall. Alternatively, use a slow-release fertilizer 3 times a year. Halt fertilizing during Winter, then begin again in the Spring. Do not allow fertilizer to clump, be sure to disperse evenly. Clumped fertilizer can potentially burn roots, potentially harming or killing a plant. Avoid getting fertilizer on the leaves and trunk. Do not over-fertilize, as this will result in more foliage and less flowers and less fruit.
FLOWER Clusters of small, yellow to greenish-yellow flowers, growing in panicles. Avocados have two flowering types. Flowers are either type A or type B. This has type B flowers, which open as female at noon, close in the late afternoon, and re-open in a male phase the following morning.
MONTH OF COLOR Blooms prolifically from mid Spring to early Summer.
FRUIT Ready by July to September. Green unripe; Dark purple when ripe. Shiny exterior with very thin skin, pear shaped, 4″. Yellow-green interior contains a large seed and has excellent flavor with high oil content. Harvest fruit when they reach their full, mature size. Once ripe, refrigerate avocados to slow down ripening and preserve for about 3 days.
ALLERGENS, TOXICITY AND ANIMALS Toxic to horses. Dogs can eat small amount of Avocado fruit.
COMMENTS This fast growing tree is one of the most cold hardy varieties. The fruit is high in omega 3 fatty acids, the good fats. Avocado is also a good source of vitamins and nutrients. Bees absolutely love the blooms. Avocado fruit won’t ripen until they are either harvested or naturally fall off the tree. Acting as as nature’s pantry, the tree will hold on to it’s many fruits to be harvested as-needed for 12 months to 14 months. This variety is not cultivated for commercial crops due to it’s thin skin. Not as heat tolerant as Lamb Hass, Mexicola, or Reed Avocado trees. Avocados are the least salt tolerant crop plant. Plant 10′ to 15′ away from buildings. Propagated in Winter Haven, Florida in the 1930’s.
PRICE 15 gallon $130, 7 gallon $70, 3 gallon $35