ARROWHEAD – BROADLEAF

COMMON NAME Broadleaf Arrowhead, Duck Potato, Indian Potato, Wapato
BOTANICAL NAME Sagittaria latifolia
HEIGHT 3′ to 5′
WIDTH 1′
MONOECIOUS
DECIDUOUS
LIFESPAN 100 to 250 years
PERENNIAL
COLD TOLERANCE 25° F
SOIL TYPE Very wet to immersed in water 6″ to 17″ deep. Sand, loam, or clay
WATER REQUIREMENTS Very often.
DROUGHT TOLERANCE Low/No
SALT TOLERANCE Low/No
LIGHT REQUIREMENTS Prefers Full sun, tolerates part sun. Not suitable for full shade.
FLOWER 3 white petals, 3 green sepals, and many yellow stamens.
MONTH OF COLOR Flowers during Summer
FRUIT Green-blue achene, containing many small, hooked seeds.
ALLERGENS, TOXICITY AND ANIMALS Non-toxic to animals. (Dogs, cats, horses, humans.) Has the toxic doppelgänger, Arrow Arum.
COMMENTS This Florida native thrives 6″ to 17″ deep in water with little to no current. Needs sun, cannot take the shade. Propagated by seed or by rhizome (root) division during mid-Summer. Goes dormant during Winter. Edible. Historical food source of the indigenous peoples of the Americas. Beavers, North American Porcupines, and muskrats eat the whole plant, tubers included. Ducks will eat the seeds. These tubers can be eaten raw or cooked for 15 to 20 minutes. Flavor is similar to potatoes and chestnuts. Other methods of preparation are roasting, frying, boiling, etc. They can also be sliced and dried to make a flour. Susceptible to aphids and spider mites.
PRICE