ACHACHA

COMMON NAME Achacha, Achachair├║, Achachairu, Bolivian mangosteen
BOTANICAL NAME Garcinia humilis
HEIGHT 30′
WIDTH 20′
DIOECIOUS
EVERGREEN
LIFESPAN 30+ years
PERENNIAL
COLD TOLERANCE 33┬░ F
SOIL TYPE Well drained, preferably high in organic matter
WATER REQUIREMENTS Water after planting in ground, and water every day for 2 weeks. Week 3 and week 4, water deeply twice a week. From week 5 forward water deeply at least once a week until it has been 3 months. Needs regular watering once established. Supplement with water during droughts and the hot, dry months to keep your plant lush and thriving. Reduce watering in the Winter when growth slow.
DROUGHT TOLERANCE Low
SALT TOLERANCE Low
LIGHT REQUIREMENTS Full sun is preferred, can take part shade. Strong sunlight can damage young foliage.
FERTILIZING Sparingly use a general purpose, 10-10-10 once every 3 weeks to 4 weeks from Spring to Summer for faster growth. Alternatively, use a slow-release fertilizer 3 times a year. Halt fertilizing from the Fall to Winter, then begin again in the Spring. Do not allow fertilizer to clump, be sure to disperse evenly. Clumped fertilizer can potentially burn roots, potentially harming or killing a plant. Avoid getting fertilizer on the leaves, flowers, stems, and trunks. Do not over-fertilize, as this will result in more foliage and less flowers and less fruit.
FLOWER White petals 4, hermaphroditic flowers15-35mm long, male flowers 9-12mm long; borne in groups of five.
MONTH OF COLOR Summer
FRUIT Oval, 2″ long fruit. Blue-green exterior that ripens to deep golden yellow to orange when mature. Interior is edible, white, and sweet with a slight tang. Contains 1 or 2 inedible seeds.
ALLERGENS, TOXICITY AND ANIMALS Undetermined
COMMENTS Tropical evergreen tree with pyramidal foliage growth. Exudes a yellow latex when bruised or cut. Young leaves are pinkish-red before turning yellowish green on maturity.Young trees are slow growing, bearing fruit at 5 to 6 years old. Can produce over 30,000 fruit in it’s lifetime! Best in warm, humid growing conditions. The fruit is rare, with a tangy, slightly sweet flavor. Thriving mature trees can produce thousands of fruits every year. Sensitive to frost, a freeze can defoliate the plant and drop fruits. In locations susceptible to cold damage, wrap a frost cloth over and around the tree and tie securely to protect the day before a freeze. Remove promptly once the freeze has subsided. Regulate soil temperature and better protect the roots by mulching (with mulch, leaves, hay, etc.) no less than 3″ thick and 1′ radius around the base of the trunk above where the roots grow. Achachairu translates to “Honey Kiss” in the Guarani language. Native to Bolivia.
PRICE 1 gallon $35